English

English Graduation Requirements:  4.0 Credits 


The West Shore School District Secondary English Program is designed to provide students with the instruction and opportunities necessary for developing a foundation of fundamental literacy and communication skills vital to success in the secondary and post-secondary environments. Additionally, the program is designed to serve the varying needs of students as they pursue their postsecondary goals, and courses are intended to serve as stepping-stones toward achieving those goals. Therefore, the Department offers leveled courses geared toward ensuring fundamental skills as well as courses geared toward preparing students to achieve desired career and/or postsecondary education goals.   


SAMPLE ENGLISH PATHS


Grade 9

Grade 10

Grades 11 - 12


College Pathway

with opportunity 

for early college credit*


English I Honors or L1

    & Elective

English II L1

or

English II Honors

    & Elective

English Language Composition Advanced Placement


English III American Literature Honors


English Literature Composition Advanced Placement


College Composition I*

College Composition II*

Composition & Communication*

Advanced Coursework on English Literature*


                 World Literature L1

Electives

College & Career Pathway

English I, L1

English I, L2

    & Elective

English II, L1

English II, L2

    & Elective

American Literature, Part I, L1, L2

American Literature, Part II, L1, L2

Composition and Communication

Women’s Studies in Literature

World Literature L1

Strategic Communications

Myths, Legends, and Folklore

Social Justice: Read to Lead 

British Literature, Part I, L1, L2

British Literature, Part II, L1, L2


Elective

Career Pathway

English I, L2

    & Elective

English II, L2

    & Elective

 American Literature, Part I, L2

 American Literature, Part II, L2

Composition and Communication

Women’s Studies in Literature

Myths, Legends, and Folklore

Social Justice: Read to Lead

World Literature L1

 Strategic Communication

British Literature Part I, L2

British Literature Part II, L2

Electives

ELECTIVES

Creative Writing I 

Creative Writing II


Theatre Arts


                                                     Yearbook Publication

Journalism I

 Journalism II

Mass Media I

 Mass Media II

  Mass Media III

Courses in bold may be taken for either elective credit or English credit.


ENGLISH I - LEVEL 1
700716
1 Credit      1.01 Weight
NCAA
Prerequisite(s):  Teacher Recommendation and Placement Assessment

This course emphasizes mastery of the grammar and vocabulary skills necessary for the college-bound student, stresses composition as it relates to grammar and literature, and enhances the understanding and analysis of various literary types.
This survey course provides a study of various genres, periods, and types of literature and writing.
 


ENGLISH I - LEVEL 2
700721
1 Credit      1.0 Weight
NCAA
This course increases proficiency in grammar, vocabulary, and composition skills, emphasizes understanding
and appreciation of various literary forms and improves reading comprehension. Students will be expected to
create and produce writing, speeches, and projects that demonstrate competency of the state standards and 21st
century skills.

ENGLISH I - HONORS
700715
1 Credit      1.03 Weight

NCAA

Prerequisite(s):  Teacher Recommendation and Assessment Data or Placement Test Required

The curriculum for this honors level survey of literature course reflects the same skills presented in the Level I
curriculum but emphasizes mastery of the grammar and vocabulary skills necessary for the college-bound
student, stresses composition as it relates to grammar and literature, and enhances the understanding and
analysis of various literary types. It needs to be noted that this course provides a more rigorous study of
literature and essay development and is suited best for the student anticipating a track of Advanced Placement
and Dual Enrollment English courses.

ENGLISH II  - LEVEL 1
700739
1 Credit      1.01 Weight
NCAA
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory completion of English I

This course stresses mastery of the skills and concepts necessary for the student who needs a strong English background. This rigorous course emphasizes an understanding of grammar and its incorporation with composition. Emphasis will be placed on the persuasive and expository use of rhetorical devices. Appreciation of literature is gained through the study of different genres. Students will be expected to create and produce writing, speeches, and projects that demonstrate competency of the state standards and 21st century skills. Related studies include literary terminology, selected vocabulary, book reviews and a critical analysis.  

ENGLISH II - LEVEL 2
700726
1 Credit      1.0 Weight
NCAA
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory completion of English I

This course promotes an understanding of major types of literature, using selections from class anthologies and supplementary sources.  A major aim in composition is the strengthening and broadening of personal language skills needed for successful communication. Students will be expected to create and produce writing, speeches, and projects that demonstrate competency of the state standards and 21st century skills. 
ENGLISH II - HONORS
700717
1 Credit      1.03 Weight
NCAA
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory completion of English I and Teacher Recommendation

This course combines grammatical skills and literary concepts necessary for the AP English/college-bound student. In-depth class discussion, reaction essays, supplementary vocabulary, additional literary selections in varying genres, and concentration on composition styles are emphasized. Sentence variation, structure, and focused grammar instruction are key elements of the readings and writings in the course. All Honors students are required to participate in a summer reading/writing program through reading assigned work and written response, by a predetermined date prior to the start of the new school year. Objectives include the completion of the research paper, the fundamentals of speech communication, and the development of narrative, expository, explanatory, and argumentative composition. A student must successfully complete this course and the graduation project in order to meet graduation requirements.

AMERICAN LITERATURE PART I - LEVEL 1
700733
.5  Credit      1.01 Weight
AMERICAN LITERATURE PART I - LEVEL 2
700734
.5 Credit      1.0 Weight
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory completion of English I and II

Please Note: American Literature Part 1 is a required course for junior year, unless Advanced Placement or Dual Enrollment
English courses are scheduled.

This course is designed to provide an overview of various early American authors, genres, and texts so students
gain an awareness of what makes an American text distinct from texts from other parts of the world.  The texts
will begin with various tales and essays by indigenous authors through authors and texts of The Civil War.  An
emphasis will be placed upon historical periods in which a specific text was written, as well as the cultural
ideals, language, and themes.  Students will be expected to create and produce writing, speeches, and projects
that demonstrate competency of the state standards and 21st century skills.


AMERICAN LITERATURE PART II - LEVEL 1
700737
.5 Credit      1.01 Weight
AMERICAN LITERATURE PART II - LEVEL 2
700738
.5 Credit      1.0 Weight
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of English I and II

This course is designed to provide an overview of various early American authors, genres, and texts so students
might glean common themes, cultural ideals, and philosophies within the changing landscape of America.  The
texts will begin with texts following The Civil War era through to the present.  An emphasis will be placed
upon historical periods in which a specific text was written, as well as the cultural ideals, language, and themes.
Students will be expected to create and produce writing, speeches, and projects that show competency of the
state standards and 21st Century skills.


ENGLISH III - AMERICAN LITERATURE - HONORS
700744
1 Credit      1.03 Weight
NCAA 
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory completion of English I and II

Students must enroll in American Studies-Honors and Emerson School-Visual Arts

This full-year course runs concurrently with American Studies - Honors and Emerson School - Visual Arts and
will focus on the American experience, spanning across the centuries of the country’s existence from a
humanities perspective.  Divided into guiding themes, this course, along with American Studies–Honors and
Emerson School-Visual Arts, explores the American condition through triumph, innovation, identity, and
conflict.  This course is distinct from the traditional classroom in that it is project driven and students will
independently explore each of the course themes and justify their learning in a presentation format.  Students
will participate in seminar discussions, extemporaneous speaking, and formal individual/group presentations as
well as engaging in critical readings and purposeful writing.  By the end of the course, students will understand
and be able to communicate what it means to be an American, including the personal and collective
struggles/triumphs of the American people throughout the centuries.  The course is offered to students from
both high schools, but it is taught at Cedar Cliff.


ENGLISH LANGUAGE & COMPOSITION ADVANCED PLACEMENT
700748
1 Credit      1.06 Weight
NCAA      AP
Prerequisite(s):  Teacher recommendation; completion of summer reading assignments

This course helps prepare the college bound student to take the Advanced Placement Test in Language and
Composition
and requires extensive student writing.  The related readings are challenging and explore such
topics as political writing, persuasive writing, autobiographical works, critical analysis, letters, etc.  Students are
required to participate in a summer reading/writing program.  Each student is expected to read all assigned
books and respond, in writing, by a predetermined date prior to taking this course.

ENGLISH LITERATURE & COMPOSITION ADVANCED PLACEMENT
700749
1 Credit      1.06 Weight
NCAA      AP
Prerequisite(s):  Teacher recommendation; completion of summer reading assignments 

The materials studied in this course prepare college bound students for taking the Advanced Placement Test in
Literature and Composition
.  The course aims to pursue the study of literary analysis through examination of
selected genres of English and world literature.  Students react to the literature through all phases of expository
writing, including argumentation, persuasion, précis, cultural review, formal essay, and small group discussion
of form, content, and style.  All Advanced Placement students are required to participate in a summer
reading/writing program in which they are expected to read all assigned books and complete all written
assignments by a predetermined date prior to the start of the new school year.

 

BRITISH LITERATURE PART I - LEVEL 1
700701
.5 Credit      1.01 Weight
BRITISH LITERATURE PART I - LEVEL 2
700702
.5 Credit      1.0 Weight
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory completion of English I, II and one semester of American Literature  

This course is intended to provide a chronological survey of nonfiction and fiction texts from the Middle Ages
through The Romantic Period in Europe.  The works of authors from various European countries will be used as
the basis for analysis.  The course will provide opportunities for reading, speaking, writing, and creating
artifacts that represent learning using the PA State Standards as a guide for lesson development.  Students
wishing to understand how the early works of European writers influenced culture and history would benefit
from this course of study.  These literature courses may be taught thematically in L2 classes with a wider range
of literary options.

 

BRITISH LITERATURE PART II - LEVEL 1
700703
.5 Credit      1.01 Weight
BRITISH LITERATURE PART II - LEVEL 2
700704
.5 Credit      1.0 Weight
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory completion of English I, II and one semester of American Literature 

This course is intended to provide a survey of nonfiction and fiction texts from The Romantic Period through
Present Day in Europe.  The course will provide opportunities for reading, speaking, writing, and creating
artifacts that represent learning using the PA State Standards as a guide for lesson development. This senior
literature course may be taught thematically in L2 classes with a wider range of literary options.

 

WORLD LITERATURE - LEVEL 1
700742
1 Credit      1.0 Weight
NCAA 
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory completion of English courses and Teacher Recommendation

This course includes the study of works from famous and popular world authors currently not studied in the
required English courses. Reading selections include novels, short stories, poetry, and drama.

 
COLLEGE COMPOSITION I
700759
1 Credit      1.06 Weight
NCAA      Dual Enrollment
Prerequisite(s):  Students must pass the placement exam or attain an acceptable score on the SAT or ACT to meet Harrisburg Area Community College (HACC) requirements. Students must enroll at HACC and pay tuition and required fees as well as purchase the textbook.


College Composition I (English 101) is the first level college writing course.  Students earn three (3) credits for
transfer from HACC at the reduced College in High School rate.  Students explore different modes of college
essay and research writing with an emphasis on clear, concise prose and effective development of content.
Argumentation techniques are emphasized in preparation for writing across the curriculum in higher education.

 

COLLEGE COMPOSITION II
700765
1 Credit      1.06 Weight
NCAA       Dual Enrollment
Prerequisite(s): Students must earn a C or better in College Composition I or English 101 at Harrisburg
Community College (HACC). Students must enroll at HACC and pay tuition and required fees.

College Composition II (English 102) builds on English 101, connecting thinking, reading and writing.
 Research, interpretation and argumentation are emphasized.  The course encourages independent, creative, and
critical inquiry and prepares students for the practical applications of information by emphasizing effective
research strategies and technologies congruent with the field of study. Using seminar discussions and writing
models, students apply different critical approaches to classic and contemporary non-fiction writing as well as
to some literary works.  Students can earn three (3) college credits for transfer from HACC.

 

ADVANCED COURSEWORK IN ENGLISH LITERATURE
700761
1 Credit      1.06 Weight
Dual Enrollment
Prerequisite(s): Satisfactory completion of English courses and teacher recommendation. Students must enroll
at Harrisburg Area Community College (HACC) and pay tuition and required fees.


This half-year course allows students to pursue college credit in the literary field while still enrolled in high
school.  This class is a blending of dual-enrollment and independent study.  Each student would select to enroll
in an online course offered through HACC.  This approach allows students to personalize their learning while
engaging in subjects with which they have a deep interest.  Students would have a dedicated class period each
day built into their schedules to work and meet with others who are pursuing similar paths.  The classroom
teacher will monitor students’ progress, keep students engaged in their studies, and help guide them through the
rigors of college-level work.  The role of the classroom teacher will be more of a mentor/tutor rather than a
direct instructor.  The course is offered to students from both high schools but is taught at Cedar Cliff.


CREATIVE WRITING I

700705
.5 Credit      1.0 Weight
NCAA
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory completion of English courses and Teacher Recommendation

This course provides students with a comprehensive study of the creative writing process.  Students read and examine professional models in various literary genres including, but not limited to, poetry, short story, and drama, and write creatively in these genres. Students in this course will create a variety of pieces for potential submission to contests or publications, or utilized as artifacts in their writing portfolios as evidence of growth or standards mastery.  
 


CREATIVE WRITING II
700708
.5 Credit      1.0 Weight
NCAA 

Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory completion of Creative Writing I

This course will focus on advanced skills in creative writing. It continues the genre study and writing process students used in Creative Writing I. The course may be taken as an elective or half-credit toward the required English courses.  Students will review mentor texts for advanced techniques and apply these methods to their own writing. They will produce works in selected genres that may include long and short-form fiction, poetry, creative essay, memoir, journalistic writing, and dramatic scripts. Students will have choices regarding genre and writing topics. Students will also pursue publication or contest opportunities to showcase their writing for a wider audience.  

 

 

COMPOSITION AND COMMUNICATION (SPEECH)
700791
1.0 Credit      1.06 Weight

NCAA 
Dual Enrollment 

Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory completion of English I and II 

Students must enroll at Harrisburg University (HU) and pay tuition to receive college credits.

This introductory communication course is designed to build practical communication skills and give students an awareness of the role of communication, both verbally and non-verbally. Through the process of learning the role of effective communication, students will build an understanding of the basic skills to communicate across disciplines both effectively and ethically. This course will offer students a number of opportunities to organize and prepare public speaking assignments, apply the techniques utilized in public speaking, and to present the results effectively to an audience. This is a college-level course and students may earn three (3) college credits for possible transfer from Harrisburg University at the reduced College in High School rate. This course meets the speech class requirement at many colleges.


STRATEGIC COMMUNICATIONS
700792
.5 Credit      1.0 Weight
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory completion of English I and II 

This course provides an opportunity to learn and practice the types and forms of writing associated with being both the employee and employer in a business setting.  The etiquette and ethics of communications associated with corresponding in a workplace will be addressed and practiced.  Students will learn how to write memos, emails, business letters, simple contracts, and address conflicts in the workplace professionally.  This course is for students entering the workplace or military after graduation, and will not address forms of writing expected for college-bound learners.  Students will be expected to create and produce writing, and projects demonstrating competency of the state standards and 21st century skills. 

WOMEN’S STUDIES IN LITERATURE 
700793                                                  
.5 Credit      1.0 Weight
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of English I and II

This course will focus on women’s literature historically and in the present day.  The course is divided into
guiding themes revolving around sexism and women’s sense of agency.  This course explores the female
condition through triumph, innovation, identity, and conflict.  It will incorporate a blend of personalized
learning, which will include projects, papers, multi-media production, and literature circles that satisfy state
standards and 21st century skills.  Students will explore each of the course themes and demonstrate their
learning through individual collaborative assessments and will participate in seminar discussions, engage in
critical reading, purposeful writing, extemporaneous speaking, and formal individual and group presentations.
By the end of the course, students will understand and be able to communicate women’s unique struggles and
triumphs, as represented in literature.

 

SOCIAL JUSTICE:  READ TO LEAD
 700794
.5 Credit      1.0 Weight
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of English I and II

This course is intended to provide a survey of nonfiction and fiction texts associated with the themes of race, age,
gender, ethnicity, religion, disability and sexual orientation. This course is divided into three units following the
culture and progression of the Native American, African American, and Latin American people groups.
Throughout the semester, students will participate in a range of writing, speaking, and research activities. By the
end of this course, students will develop a sense of agency in regards to participating in social justice through literature. The course will provide opportunities for reading, speaking, writing, and creating artifacts that represent learning using the PA State Standards and 21st century skills as a guide for lesson development. 

 

MYTHS, LEGENDS, AND FOLKTALES
 700795
.5 Credit      1.0 Weight
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of English I and II

This course is designed for students who have an interest in mythology, legends, folktales and urban legends
from around the world.  One unit of study will be on Green and Roman myths, heroes and villains, as they
provide a basis for many products, vocabulary and allusions in the English language.  Study of folktales from
around the world will provide insight into cultural values and traditions.  A unit of urban legends completes this
course with the study of high interest implausible occurrences. Students will be expected to create and produce
writing and projects demonstrating competency of the state standards and 21st century skills.

 

MASS MEDIA I (INTRO TO FILM PRODUCTION)
700745
.5 Credit      1.0 Weight

This project oriented course is offered at our professional media studio and stresses specific content areas
including the use of state-of-the-art digital video camcorders, drones, and other peripheral equipment.  The class
also focuses on preproduction skills such as storyboarding, writing, producing, and directing semester long
projects. Editing will utilize the industry standard software Final Cut Pro and Motion, where the students learn
the art of special effects including green screening and draw masking.  Students will begin a media portfolio to
feature their work that may be useful when applying to post-secondary schools and/or with potential employers
when applying for jobs in this and other related fields. This is an introductory course with no prior experience
necessary.

MASS MEDIA II (ADVANCED FILM PRODUCTION)
700746
.5 Credit      1.0 Weight 
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of Mass Media I and Teacher Recommendation

The focus of this course is on digital video and advanced film techniques as well as advanced production
techniques including the use of specialized lighting, sound, and script/storyboard writing.  The software Motion
will be prominent as state-of-the-art special effects will be introduced.  Units may include the creation of a
public service announcement as well as the creation of an allusion such as fake combat techniques.  Students
will continue to amass their media portfolio to feature student work that may be useful when applying to post-
secondary schools and/or with potential employers when applying for jobs in this field. The ability to work
independently in class and outside of the school setting is a must.

 

MASS MEDIA III (INDEPENDENT FILM PRODUCTION & PORTFOLIO EXPANSION)
700747
1 Credit      1.0 Weight
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of Mass Media II and Teacher Recommendation

This course is the final building block of the three video production courses where the focus will be on
advanced learning of software packages to include Final Cut Pro and Motion. Students will have an opportunity
for real world applications such as working with local businesses/organizations/associations to create an
advertising portfolio. Writing and producing a film trailer along with the completion of the professional student
portfolios will be major components of the course.  Students may also design individual modules in technology
that will be used for both college and/or gaining skills to enter the workforce. The course may be taken as an
elective or for a .5 credit toward required English courses.


700750
.5 Credit      1.0 Weight
NCAA    
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory completion of English courses and Teacher Recommendation


This course provides a comprehensive study of American journalism.  Emphasis is placed on a brief history of
the American newspaper, the power and responsibility of the press, and the various means of news gathering
and types of news writing.  Students learn to write in various journalistic styles and are able to explain the
process of newspaper publication from news gathering to newspaper distribution.  The class addresses the way
technological advancements have altered the way we get and deliver news.

JOURNALISM II
700756
1 Credit      1.0 Weight 
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory completion of Journalism I and Teacher Recommendation

This course provides a comprehensive study of American journalism. Emphasis is placed on a brief history of
the American newspaper, the power and responsibility of the press, and the various means of news gathering
and types of news writing. Students learn to write in various journalistic styles and are able to explain the
process of newspaper publication from news gathering to newspaper distribution. The class addresses the way
technological advancements have altered the way we get and deliver news. They may work on the school
newspaper as reporters, using word processing and desktop publishing technology. The course may be taken as
an elective or for a .5 credit toward required English courses.

THEATER ARTS
700776
.5 Credit      1.0 Weight

This introductory course is designed for the student who wants to act in major plays, musicals, and competitive
theater at the high school or career level or who simply wants an introduction to the theater.  Emphasis is on acting, play analysis, and play directing.  Make-up techniques, basic set and costume design, and a brief history of theater are included.

YEARBOOK PUBLICATION
700780
1 Credit      1.0 Weight
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory completion of English courses and Teacher Recommendation

The objective of this course is not only to create the school yearbook, but to prepare students for a journalistic
profession.  The course involves direct experience with these journalistic skills:  organization, drawing and
design, layout, financing, and production, as well as writing, editing, and proofreading.  


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