Science

The science program is designed to provide all students with a program that addresses individual interests and abilities.  It is recommended that college bound students choose a biology, a chemistry, and a physics course to be competitive in the college admissions process.  Four or more science courses are highly recommended for those students who anticipate a career in the science field.  Placement within a specific level of a science course or into an advanced subject is based, to a great extent, upon the recommendation of the previous year’s science teacher and the student’s performance in previous courses.  


Grades 10-12 
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of Algebra 1

This course is designed for students who are curious about the mysteries of the universe.  The space program, rocketry, constellations, celestial navigation, life cycle of stars, organization and dynamics of the solar system, galaxies and their interactions, black holes and the warping of time and space. Students who have taken Space Science may not take Astronomy.

Grades 10-12 

This course is designed for students who are interested in the space program, the solar system, life and death of stars, black holes and the organization for the universe.  Students who have taken Space Science may not take Astronomy. 
BIOLOGY I - LEVEL 1
Grades 9-12 

This course is designed for academic students whose future plans require a strong background in science.  The level of instruction is rigorous, with the basic concepts developed in depth.  It offers the above average student a classical introduction to structure, function, and interactions of living things.  This course provides the necessary background for advanced and abstract conceptual study and a practical and relevant understanding of living things.  Concepts in this course include the following:  cellular biology, physiology, taxonomy, reproduction, biochemistry, evolution, genetics, microbiology, ecological relationships, and energetics.  This course satisfies the prerequisites for any Biology II level courses or Advanced Placement Biology.


BIOLOGY I - LEVEL 2
Grades 10-12 

This course is designed for those students who may be planning to continue their education beyond high school, but whose career plans are in areas outside those normally requiring an intense biology or science background.  Less rigorous than Biology I Level 1, this course includes the following:  cellular biology, biochemistry, taxonomy, reproduction, evolution, genetics, and microbiology.  This course satisfies the prerequisite for Biology II level courses, but not Advanced Placement Biology courses


BIOLOGY I - LEVEL 3
Grades 10-12 

This course stresses the major concepts of biological science that every person should know.  A sincere effort is made to present all topics in a manner which makes them pertinent to the students' own world.  Concepts are presented in such a way that they develop a scientific perspective from which they can appraise future events in their lives.  This level is best suited for those students whose future plans involve no further formal training beyond high school.  This course does not satisfy the prerequisite for any Biology II level courses.


BIOLOGY I – PART 1 AND BIOLOGY I – PART 2

Grades 10-12

This course is designed for those students attending CPAVTS. The Biology I course is divided into Part 1 and Part 2 to meet the scheduling needs of the students.


BIOLOGY II (Anatomy and Physiology)
Grades 10-12 
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of Biology I Chemistry I Quantitative or Chemistry I Qualitative

Biology II Anatomy & Physiology is designed for those students with future educational or career plans that require a strong background in biology; or career plans that may include nursing, physical therapy or other related health sciences.  This course is a rigorous and comprehension study of the following body systems:  digestive, excretory, nervous, skeletal, muscular, circulatory and others.  Major content areas include biochemistry, anatomy and physiology.  This course will also include a dissection of a fetal pig or a cat.


BIOLOGY II POPULATIONS
Grades 10-12      
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of Biology I Level 1 or 2 

A continuation of Biology I dealing with the study of life at the population level, Biology II Populations is designed for those student whose future educational or career plans may require a strong background in biology.  Major content areas include animal and plant taxonomy, ecology, microbiology, and evolution. 


BIOLOGY ADVANCED PLACEMENT (FULL YEAR)

Grades 10-12 
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of Biology I Level 1 and Chemistry I Quantitative

This challenging course includes studies in biochemistry, cell biology, energetics, molecular genetics, evolutionary mechanisms, plant and animal physiology, taxonomy, and ecology.  It is designed for students planning to pursue a career in the sciences.  This course prepares students to take the Advanced Placement Exam. 

Grades 10-12 
This course examines all areas of science related to the environment.  Students will study how living things interact with each other and with their surroundings.  They will gain a better understanding of human impacts on ecosystems.  Areas of study include ecology, populations, energy sources, biomes, the human population, biodiversity, climate change and environmental issues. 


CHEMISTRY I – QUALITATIVE
Grades 10-12 
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of Algebra I 

Qualitative Chemistry covers basic chemistry concepts using both descriptive and mathematical skills.  This course is designed for the academic student who needs or desires a laboratory science but whose career plans are in areas other than those requiring an analytical science background.  Chemistry I – Qualitative is not designed to fulfill prerequisites for Chemistry II Inorganic, Advanced Placement Chemistry, or Advanced Placement Biology.

Grades 10-12 
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of Algebra I

This course is designed for those students whose career plans may include engineering, chemistry, nursing, medicine, physics, biochemistry, dentistry, biology, or other fields requiring a background in quantitative chemistry.  This course is taught with considerable emphasis placed upon algebra skills.  Topics include atomic structure, bonding, reactions, stoichiometry, solutions, and acid-base chemistry.  Students who plan to take Chemistry II Inorganic, Chemistry II Organic, Advanced Placement Chemistry, Advanced Placement Biology, or Biology II Anatomy and Physiology should select Chemistry I – Quantitative.

Grades 10-12  
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of Chemistry I - Quantitative and Algebra II

This rigorous course is designed to meet the needs of those students planning a science-based study in college including such areas as medicine, nursing, engineering, physics, biology, dentistry, or chemistry.  Chemistry II Inorganic includes an extensive sequence of laboratory activities and permits the student to apply the generalizations learned in Chemistry I – Quantitative.  The skills and knowledge gained in Chemistry I – Quantitative are improved and refined to allow the students to carry out carefully selected quantitative investigations.  Topics include thermodynamics, kinetics, ionic reactions, and equilibrium.


CHEMISTRY – ADVANCED PLACEMENT (FULL YEAR)

Grades 11-12 
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of Algebra II and Chemistry I Quantitative

This rigorous course is designed to meet the needs of those students planning a science-based study in college including such areas as medicine, nursing, engineering, physics, biology, dentistry, or chemistry.  This course includes thermodynamics, bonding, kinetics, equilibrium, acid-base equilibrium, nuclear chemistry, organic chemistry, and electrochemistry.  Appropriate labs reinforce information. This class requires summer assignments of review material to ensure all students are prepared to begin the Advanced Placement class. Course content follows the Advanced Placement curriculum and is intended for those students who plan to take the Advanced Placement Test in Chemistry.

CHEMISTRY II ORGANIC
Grades 10-12 
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of Chemistry I - Quantitative or Qualitative and Algebra II 

This rigorous course is designed to meet the needs of those students planning a science-based study in college including such areas as medicine, nursing, engineering, physics, biology, dentistry, or chemistry.  Students take an intensive look at such topics as organic nomenclature, alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, functional groups, aromatics, polymer chemistry, and organic reactions.  Chemistry II Inorganic and Chemistry II Organic may be taken in any order. Students planning to take college level chemistry should plan to take both courses.

Grades 10-12
Every rock has a story.  Geology students will study the processes that shape and reshape the Earth’s surface.  Mineral and rock identification and formation will be covered in a lab setting.  Plate tectonics, volcanism, earthquakes and hydrology along with their natural disaster impact will be explored. 


PHYSICAL SCIENCELEVEL 1
Grades 9 

This course is designed for the student who did not take Biology I in 9th grade.  This course focuses on the practical, physical and chemical applications in daily living.  Units include Newton’s Laws of Motion, simple machines, waves, electricity, atomic structure, the periodic table and chemical reactions.  It is designed for students whose plans for post-secondary education include college.  Students in this course should have passed Algebra I.


PHYSICAL SCIENCE LEVEL 2
Grades 9 

This course is similar in content to Physical Science Level 1.  It focuses on the practical, physical and chemical applications in daily living.  Units include Newton’s Laws of Motion, simple machines, waves, electricity, atomic structure, the periodic table and chemical reactions.  It is designed for those students who may be planning to continue their education beyond high school but whose career path may not require an intense science background. 


PHYSICS I SURVEY
Grades 10-12 
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of Algebra 1

This is a general physics course.  It is designed to be a mathematical analysis of the physical laws which govern our universe.  The material and concepts covered make it a suitable course for students of average ability who have diverse academic interests.  Laboratory experimentation with computer application is used, as needed, to reinforce and verify basic principles and concepts.  Topics include:  mechanics, light, waves and electricity.

Grades 10-12  
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of Algebra II and Teacher Recommendation 

Physics I Mechanics focuses on the properties of motion.  It is designed for those students planning to continue their education in science related fields.  It is assumed these students possess a strong mathematical background and logical thinking skills.  Course work is similar to the first semester of a college non-calculus physics course.  Topics include:  Kinematics, dynamics, forces and momentum.  The topics to be covered in depth are statics and dynamics.  

Grades 10-12 
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of Physics I Mechanics or Physics C:  (Mechanics) AP

Physics II Electricity and Magnetism is designed for those students planning to continue their education in the fields of applied science or engineering.  It is assumed these students possess a strong mathematical background and logical thinking skills.  This course work is similar to the second semester of a college non-calculus physics course.  This course covers electricity, magnetism, and related topics.  Laboratory investigations, light and wave theory, and sound are used to reinforce concepts.


PHYSICS C: (MECHANICS) ADVANCED PLACEMENT
Grades 10-12 
Prerequisites(s):  Satisfactory Completion of Pre-calculus

This course is designed for students planning to continue their education in the field of applied science or engineering.  It is assumed these students possess an exceptional mathematical background and logical thinking skills.  Course work is similar to the first semester of a college calculus-based engineering physics course.  Students are not assumed to have any prior knowledge of calculus.  Topics include:  Kinematics, dynamics, rotation, work and energy and momentum and forces.  Course content follows the Advanced Placement curriculum and is intended for those students to take the Advanced Placement-C Mechanics test in Physics. 

PHYSICS C: (ELECTRICITY and MAGNETISM) ADVANCED PLACEMENT
Grades 10-12
Prerequisite(s):  Satisfactory Completion of Physics I Mechanics or Physics C:  (Mechanics) AP

This course is designed for students planning to continue their education in the field of applied science or engineering.  It is assumed these students possess an exceptional mathematical background and logical thinking skills.  The course work is similar to the second semester of a college calculus-based engineering physics course.  Students are not assumed to have any prior knowledge of calculus.  Topics include:  electrical charge, energy storage, resistance, circuits and sources of magnetic fields.  Course content follows the Advanced Placement curriculum and is intended for those students to take the Advanced Placement-C Electricity and Magnetism test in physics. 


BIOLOGY KEYSTONE WORKSHOP I
Grades 10-12 

This course is designed to provide remediation to any student who does not score at the proficient level or above on the Keystone Exam administered upon completion of the Biology I course.  Non-proficient students must participate in remediation and retesting until proficiency is achieved.  Passing the Keystone Exam is a graduation requirement for all students in the class of 2017 and beyond.   


BIOLOGY KEYSTONE WORKSHOP II
Grades 11-12  

This course is designed to provide further focused instruction on areas in need of growth for those students not scoring proficient or above after retesting on the Biology Keystone Exam.  The course will prepare students to retake the Keystone and/or successfully complete the project-based assessment.  With two unsuccessful Keystone Exam attempts, a student will be eligible to demonstrate proficiency through the completion of a project-based assessment (PBA).  Proficiency on this project-based alternative will satisfy the Keystone graduation requirement for all students in the class of 2017 and beyond.  Successful completion of the course does not mean successful completion of the PBA. 

 

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