Embedded Image for:  (20171220152212300_image.png) Use the links on the left below the Images heading and navigate to websites designed for this purpose! (Remember to cite your information - read below...)

Any words, ideas or images that you do not create yourself must be properly credited if you use them in your work. Why? Because you are using someone else's intellectual property. Citing your information sources acknowledges the origin of your information, and it lends credibility to your work by showing evidence of your research. It demonstrates authenticity of your information and enables your readers to locate your information sources, should they want to. This include ALL types of information sources that you may use, including:
  • Books
  • Articles (from print sources or from online article databases)
  • Interviews
  • E-mail or other correspondence
  • Web pages
  • Government documents
  • Non-print media (videotapes, audiotapes, pictures and images)
  • Software or any digital formats 
Whenever you use someone else's intellectual or creative 'property' you need to provide the proper citation for your source, in order to (1) give credit to the author or creator and (2) to enable your reader to locate the sources you cite.

A citation is a reference to the source of an idea, information or image. A citation typically includes enough identifying information, such as the author, title, and publication format, for a reader to be able to access the original source.

The ability to interpret citations is a fundamental research skill! 

Any source of intellectual property that serves to inform, inspire, or contribute to your own work product needs to be acknowledged. Whose expression, idea(s), research, conclusions, or creative content is it? When it isn't yours, you need to cite your source. 

Borrowing someone's ideas by paraphrasing them, or someone's exact words by quoting them, requires a reference to the source. All of the following need to be documented when they are the product of someone else's intellectual property:

  • Exact words
  • Concepts and ideas
  • Facts that are not common knowledge
  • Pictures, photos, poems, cartoons, or other artwork you did not create yourself

Any information source - whatever the format or the medium - must be cited if it is the origin of your ideas, images, or words. Here are some examples of the kinds of information sources that should be cited if they are the source of your words, ideas, or images:

  • books or parts of books
  • web pages
  • TV or radio broadcasts
  • encyclopedia articles
  • email messages
  • interviews
  • journal, magazine, or newspaper articles
  • speeches
  • films or videos
  • letters
  • software
  • recordings

"How to Do Research." KYVL: Why Cite Information Sources? Kentucky Virtual Library. 2 July 2004. Web. 22 January 2014.

    »  EasyBib
    The Free Automatic Bibliography and Citation Generator!
    »  Citation Machine
    Citation Machine helps students and professional researchers to properly credit the information that they use.

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