Basic Citation:


1.  Author’s name.  (last name, first name and initial) (if given) (period)

2.  Title of the book. (italics and period)

3.  Edition. (if given) (2nd ed., 3rd ed., Rev.ed.) (period)

4.  City of Publication: (colon)

5.  Publisher, (comma)

6.  Copyright Date.  (period)

7.  Medium of Publication. (Print) (period)


(Use the title page and back of title page as your source of information.)


Book by a single author

Smith, Michael L. Adoption. New YorkOxford University Press, 2007. Print.


Miller, Jason, Jr. Baseball Techniques. Philadelphia: Facts on File, 2006. Print.


Book by two authors

Jakobson, Fred, and Linda R. Waugh. The Sound of Language. Bloomington:

             Indiana University Press, 2006. Print.


Book by three authors

Thompson, Adam, Mary Jensen, and Dori Graham. Coexisting Under Stress. Chicago:

            New Age Press, 2005. Print.


Book by four or more authors

Smith, John K., et al. Global Warming. New YorkColumbia University Press,  2006.



Book with an editor

Nichols, Fred J., ed. Famous Battles of World War II. New HavenYale University

            Press, 2006. Print.


Book by four or more editors

Johnson, Joseph D., et al., eds. Water Pollution. BaltimoreJohns Hopkins University

            Press, 2006. Print.


Book without an author or editor

Encyclopedia of Diseases. New York: Chelsea House, 2007. Print.


Multivolume work with editor (when using only one volume of the set)

Sadie, Stanley, ed. The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Vol. 11.

            London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.


Multivolume work with three editors (when using only one volume of the set)

Martin, Sam, John Simons, and Richard Brown, eds.  Social Issues in America.  Vol. 4.

            London:  Macmillan, 2007. Print.


Multivolume work with editor with edition (when using more than one volume of the set)

Sadie, Stanley, ed. The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. 3rd ed. 20 vols.

            London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.


Book with a 2nd or subsequent edition

Baker, John L., Jr. A Research Guide for Students. 6th ed. New York: Viking Press,

            2009. Print.


Unsigned article in a general encyclopedia or dictionary (World Book, Webster’s)

“Mandarin.” The Encyclopedia Americana. 2000 ed. Print.


Signed article in a general encyclopedia or dictionary (World Book, Webster’s)

Hansen, James R. “Johnson Space Center.”  The World Book Encyclopedia. 2001 ed. Print.


Poem, essay, or short story in an anthology (with an editor)

Calvino, Italo. “Cybernetics and Ghosts.” The Uses of Literature: Essays. Ed. Patrick

            Creagh.  San Diego: Harcourt, 1982. 3-27. Print.



Basic Citation:

1.  Author’s name. (last name, first name and initial) (if given) (period)

2.  “Title of article.” (in quotation marks with period inside quotes)

3.  Name of the periodical (italics) (no period)

4.  Date of newspaper or magazine. (day month year) (period) (abbreviate the month)

5.  Edition: (if given) (colon) (natl. ed., local ed., late ed., final ed.)

6.  Number range for pages. (If not consecutive page range, list first page and

           a plus sign) (period)

7.  Medium of Publication. (Print) (period)



Feder, Barnaby J. “For Job Seekers, a Toll-Free Gift.” New York Times  30 Dec. 2001.

            natl. ed.: C1. Print.



Zuckerman, Mortimer B. “Welcome to Communicopia.” Editorial. US News and World

            Report 1 Nov. 2000: 116-117.  Print.


Magazine article

Bazell, Robert. “Science and Society.” New Republic 15 Mar. 2003: 35+. Print.




Film, Performance, Videocassette, DVD

It’s a Wonderful Life. Dir. Frank Capra. Perf. James Stewart, Donna Reed, Lionel

            Barrymore, and Thomas Mitchell. RKO, 1946. Columbia, 2002. DVD.



Super Size Me. Dir. Morgan Spurlock. Showtime Independent Films, 2004.



Recording, CD, MP3, LP

Underwood, Carrie. “Just a Dream.” Carnival Ride. Arista, 2007. CD.



Jackson, Jesse.  Personal Interview. 15 July 2008.




Basic Citation:

1.   Author’s name. (last name, first name and initial) (period)

2.   “Title of the message.” (taken from the subject line, if given) (in quotation marks

  with period inside quotes)

  1. Description of the message that includes the recipient. (e.g. Message to the author)


  1. Date of the message. (day month year) (period) (abbreviate the month)
  2. Medium of Delivery. (E-mail) (period)


Heim, Michael L. Message to the author. 23 Aug. 2002. E-mail.


Boyle, Anthony T. “Re: Utopia.” Message to Daniel J. Cahill. 21 June 1997. E-mail.



All databases listed are purchased by the West Shore School District

unless noted otherwise


Basic Citation:


1.  Author’s name. (last name, first name and initial) (if given) (period)

2.  “Article title.” (in quotation marks with period inside quotes)

3.  Name of the publication  (italics)

- Book (book title italics with a period. city [colon]: publisher [comma],)

- Magazine (magazine title italics, no period)

- Newspaper  (newspaper title italics, no period)

4.  Date of publication: (day month year) (colon) (abbreviate the month)

5.  Number range for pages. (if given) (period), if no pages given, use  n. pag.

If not consecutive page range, list first page number and a plus sign.

6.  Name of database. (italics) (period)

7.  Medium of Publication. (Web) (period)

8.  Date of Access. (day month year) (period) (abbreviate the month)

9.  URL of database service.  <in angle brackets>  (period) (end at domain name)






Magazine article (no pages given)

Shannon, Thomas. “Cloning Myths: Take Time to Get Cloning Ban Right.” Time 10 Apr.

            2003: n. pag. eLibrary. Web. 11 Oct. 2008. <>.


Newspaper article (no author, with pages)

“Take Time to Get Cloning Ban Right.” The Atlanta Constitution 17 Feb. 2000: D1.

            eLibrary. Web. 12 Nov. 2008. <>.



Crowley, Robert, and Geoffrey Parker. “Gulf War.” Reader’s Companion to Military

History. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1996. eLibrary. Web. 14 Sept. 2009.



TV Program

United States Preparedness Against Bioterrorism.” Anchor Mike Wallace, et al. 60

Minutes. CBS. 30 Sept. 2001. eLibrary. Web. 5 Dec. 2008.





Muller, Edward K., and William C. Rense.  “Pennsylvania.” World Book Student. World

            Book, 2011. World Book. Web. 20 Feb. 2011. <>.




“State of Kuwait.” ProQuest, 2011. CultureGrams. Web. 10 Jan. 2011. 



POWER LIBRARY (Provided by the State of Pennsylvania)


Omni File Full Text Mega, Omni File Full Text Select


Rennicke, Jeff. “A Chorus of Controversy.” National Parks July 2009: 22-23. Power

Library Omni File Full Text Select. Web. 10 Mar. 2010.



Bartel, Lee. “This is Your Brain on Music.” University of Toronto Quarterly Winter

            2009: n. pag. Power Library Omni File Full Text Mega. Web. 10 Feb. 2010.



InfoTrac Newsstand


“Top Administration Official Still Sees Health Bill Passage.” Daily Herald 8 Mar. 2010: 9.

            Power Library InfoTrac Newsstand. Web. 25 Jan. 2011. <>.


Consumer Health Complete


Walker, Suzanne. “Updates in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.” Clinical Journal of

            Oncology Nursing Aug. 2008: 150. Power Library Consumer Health Complete.

            Web. 3 Feb. 2010. <>.


AP Images


Lieberman, Scott M. “Hurricane Gustav.” 31 Aug. 2008.  Power Library AP Images.

             Web. 11 Sept. 2008. <>.


Reader’s Guide Select


Quindlen, Anna. “Turning the Page.” Newsweek 5 Apr. 2010: 52-53. PowerLibrary

Reader’s Guide  FT Select. Web. 31 Aug. 2010.



Career Library


“Librarian.” Career Library. EBSCO Publishing, 2011. Power Library Career Library.

Web. 24 Aug. 2011. <>.


SIRS Discoverer


Berry, Julia. “Ants” Science Weekly 27 Aug. 1999: n.pag. Power Library SIRS

            Discoverer. Web. 26 Aug. 2011. <>.




Basic Citation – Items published only on the Web


1.  Author’s name. (last name, first name and initial) (if given) (period)

2.  “Title of work.” (in quotations with period inside quotes)

3.  Title of overall Web site. (italics) (if given) (period)

4.  Publisher/Sponsor, (if not available use N.p.) (comma)

5.  Date Published. (when it was written or last updated) (day month year)

(abbreviate month) (when not available use n.d.) (period)

6.  Medium of Publication. (Web) (period)

7.  Date of Access.  (day month year) (period) (abbreviate the month)

8.  URL. <in angle brackets> (period) (include entire web address)


“Inhalants.” NIDA InfoFacts. National Institute on Drug Abuse, Mar. 2010. Web. 23 Oct.

            2010. <>.


Bursztajn, Harold J., and Archie Brodsky. “Managed-Health-Care Complications and

            Clinical Remedies.” Accredited Psychiatry and Medicine, n.d. Web. 23 Oct.

             2009. <>.


“Hurricane Policies in Place for Worried Travelers.” Cable News Network,

            12 Sept. 2008. Web. 12 Sept. 2008.




For items on the Web, cite item using the format guidelines for that specific item but

drop the designation of print, film, etc.  Include the title of the project or Web site

(italicized).  Use Web as the Medium of Publication, including the date of access and

the complete URL.


Internet Newspaper, Magazine or Periodical

Stern, Henry. “Pre-emptive Blitz Set to Meet Threat of West Nile.” Oregonian 

9 Apr. 2008: n. pag. Newsbank. Web. 10 Jan. 2009. <>.


Internet Image (art, chart, photograph, graphic or other online image)

Da Vinci, Leonardo. Mona Lisa. 1519. Louvre. Paris. Masterpieces of the Louvre.

            Web. 29 July 2009. <>.


“Carnitas Tacos.” Royalty Free, Public Domain, Stock Photos. PD, 15 Aug.

            2009. Web. 23 Oct. 2009. <>.


Internet Video Clip (Movie, YouTube, Speech)


The Paper Chase. Dir. James Bridges. Perf. Timothy Bottoms and John Houseman.

            Twentieth Century Fox, 16 Oct. 1973. Hulu. Web. 12 Aug. 2009.



The History of YouTube. Dir. Robert Hinderliter. YouTube, 18 May 2007. Web.

            14 June 2009. <>.


Reagan, Nancy. “Just Say No.” American Association of University Women. Annual

            Convention. Holiday Inn, Chicago28 Aug. 1982. Famous Speeches. Web.

            14 July 2009. <>.


Internet Sound

Kennedy, John F. “The Kennedy Withdrawal.” 2 Oct. 1963. White House Tapes.

            Presidential Recordings Program. Web. 23 Oct. 2009.



Internet Map

MaplewoodNew Jersey.” Map. Google Maps. Google. 15 May 2008. Web.

            15 May 2008. <>.

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